Thus, the spending of the new pesticide tax proceeds, to a great extent, would redistribute money from conventional to organic farming.

These potential risk scores represent the best estimate of a pesticide’s impact on the surrounding environment.


On the other hand, farmers without off-farm employment might have time to manage their systems intensively in order to achieve pesticide use reduction.

The cost of purpose-built manufacturing facilities and chemical synthesis are a critical barrier to the commercial development of many potential pesticides.

As crop prices rise, farmers increase production and, in turn, may use more pesticides in the process.

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As relative input prices rise, the impact on pesticide use can either be negative or positive, depending on the substitutability and complementary of other inputs.

Pesticide-related impacts are local in nature due to the complex interactions between pesticide prices and the observability of corresponding health and environmental impacts.

Positive significant shares of soybeans, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, and fruits18 suggest higher pesticide usage on most of the major cash crops for export.

The chapter is quite ambitious in its attempt to review pesticide effects on soil components and discusses their influence on soil function.

Farmers were not only losing their share, but the water quality was also deteriorating every year due to the increasing use of pesticides.

The size of this voluntary reduction has generated more research into the almond industry’s pesticide use records than any other commodity46-48.

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Pleiotropy and the evolution of genetic systems conferring resistance to pesticides.

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The former allow farmers to increase herbicide applications without risking damage to their crops, while the latter run the risk of creating pesticide immune pests.

The problem is extremely complex and its mitigation will require extensive preventative measures such as sewage processing plants and natural pesticide use, among others.

It would therefore be expected that farmers with higher levels of education would be more likely to implement pesticide use reduction.

Các quan điểm của các ví dụ không thể hiện quan điểm của các biên tập viên Cambridge Dictionary hoặc của Cambridge University Press hay của các nhà cấp phép. [external_footer]

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